For the birds! Landscape Specialist Joy Boven lists the best native and favored plants for birds that give them shelter and forage in the harder winter months. She covers the four layers that make up woodland ecosystems, and encourages us to emulate natural landscapes in our gardens to ensure critter survival! View the entire webinar, Joy's notes, and a Bates-linked list of specimens below.
Additionally, build up that canopy layer by taking advantage of our TREEmendous Month sale, where all* deciduous (leaf dropping) trees are 25% off through the end of November.
*excludes Japanese maples; in-store only, no web or phone orders.
Plants Mentioned in This Webinar:
List of Canopy Trees:
Acer – Maples
Liriodendron tulipifera – Tulip Poplar – State Tree!
List of Understory trees
- There are many different kinds of serviceberry. Most common being Autumn Brilliance. My personal favorite is one called Rainbow Pillar. These are a food source for birds in the summer months but also make a great understory tree and the fall color is spectacular.
- If you are interested in the paw paw it is important to have several. One stand alone paw paw will not produce fruit. You must create a grove of them. So I would not recommend this understory tree if your space is limited.
List of Shrubs
Aronia – Chokeberry (Self-fertile but helps to have a more than one)
Callicarpa americana – American Beautyberry (self-fertile)
- There are many cultivars to choose from in this category. Seeds ripen in the fall and is a great small seed for the songbirds.
- This is a unique native plant that grows in our woodlands close by. Seeds ripen in fall and it is a favorite treat for the bird that discovers it.
- Fruit on the winterberry holly stays on long after the leaves drop in the fall. Adding not only food for the birds but a wonderful sight to enjoy in your home landscape. This is a plant that has separate male and female plants and within this species some cultivars pair better with some than others so make sure that you do a little extra research to make sure you are getting the right pair.
- Seeds ripen in the fall and are a great small seed choice for songbirds
- Fruit typically develops in late summer/early fall and is an excellent food source for birds.
- Dentatum – Arrowwood Viburnum
- Nudum – Possomhaw viburnum
List of Ground layer perennials
- Stick to the single bloom varieties of Coneflower. The double bloomers do very little for the birds and pollinators
Panicum grasses are also a great source of seeds for the birds this time of year.
List of Evergreen Sheltering plants:
- Satyr Hill is a common cultivar found in the trade.
Ilex x hybrids – Though not native, these also make a great hideout for birds and a safe haven for creating a nest.
- Great food source for birds. Nesting site for the Barred Owl and other bird species.