SCIENTIFIC NAME: Carpinus betulus 'Frans Fontaine'
COMMON NAME: Frans Fontaine Hornbeam
GARDEN SIZE: 35 ft. tall, 9-12 ft. wide
GROWTH RATE: slow
USDA ZONE: 4-8
NATIVE RANGE: Europe
EXPOSURE: Full Sun to Part Sun (4 or more hours of direct sun per day)
WATER, SOIL, & NATURAL OCCURANCE: Prefers slightly acidic sandy or clay loam with high organic matter, and regular moisture. Water deeply on a regular basis during its first planted year. Average water needs after that; will need additional water in times of drought.
HABIT (FORM): Narrow columnar
FOLIAGE: Deciduous. Dark green leaves turn yellow in the fall.
FLOWERS: Male and female catkins occur on the same tree, yielding nutlets in fall.
CARE: During the plant’s early years as it becomes established, fertilize in early spring or later in the fall (while the plant is dormant) with Plant-tone or a similar fertilizer.